Table of Contents Overview By the end of the Civil War, the South was in a state of political upheaval, social disorder, and economic decay. Inflation became so severe that by the end of the war a loaf of bread cost several hundred Confederate dollars. Thousands of southerners starved to death, and many who did not starve lost everything they owned:
Hayes as President in The lasting social damage that the song talks about should more accurately be associated with the demise of Reconstruction. Here are some legacies of the time period: A lot of famous "firsts" which we might associate with the Civil Rights movement in the s actually took place in the late s.
For example, the first black Senator was Hiram Rhodes Revelswho took office in Another good example I think of the changing mores and how they changed back quickly and semi-permanently is baseball, which, granted, is a Northern sport but which is still indicative of the times.
Many people think that Jackie Robinson was the first black baseball player; in fact, that honor goes to a man named Moses Fleetwood Walkerwho played briefly for the American Association in and then for several other minor league teams throughout the s.
The KKK first arose Eventually President Grant cracked down on this group and Forrest even disassociated himself with them, but the memory of white people dressing up as ghosts and harassing blacks and antiracists lived on for 50 years until D.
President Abraham Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction—issued in , two years before the war even ended—mapped out the first of these initiatives, his Ten-Percent Plan. Dec 05, · Merrick Santos said. The Reconstruction of the South following the Civil War could be argued as a success and a failure. Although Reconstruction, in the eyes of many people, was a failure, there were several good things to come out of it. Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin
Griffith revived the meme with the early feature film Birth of a Nation. We came the closest to removing a sitting President from office. If you'll recall the Lewinsky affair during the Clinton administration in the 90s, you'll remember that the President was impeached but not convicted of two separate crimes.
Andrew Johnson faced a similar issueonly Johnson's impeachment was arguably even more politically motivated than Clinton's, and he came within a single vote of being removed from office Nixon resigned before Congress could remove him. It gave rise to a fair bit of slang which you may not be aware originated then.
The term "carpetbagger ", for instance, which is now generally used to talk about a politician who runs for office in a district he has only lived in for a short time, originally referred to Northern Republicans who traveled down South in search of money or a higher cause, often arriving with no more personal possessions than whatever they could stow in a carpet-bag which they slung over their shoulder.
Likewise, the term " scalawag ", now used when it is used as a general pejorative, referred specifically at the time to Southerners who betrayed "Southern values" by stumping for civil rights and the like.
While slavery was gone in name, it was replaced by a system called sharecropping which was nearly as bad and which ensnared poor whites as well as recently freed slaves and poor blacks.
There is a folk song called 16 Tons that is actually about coal mining but which may as well be about sharecropping. You load sixteen tons, what do you get Another day older and deeper in debt Saint Peter don't you call me 'cause I can't go I owe my soul to the company store No, these farmers weren't literally slaves anymore.
They could marry whoever they pleased, more or less so long as the person they were marrying was of the same race — and some states such as Virginia had some very strict definitions as to what was a black person and what was whiteand they weren't exactly subject to being sold to another plantation at the whim of a plantation owner although if they were behind on their rent, and sharecroppers were always behind on their rent, they could be kicked off of their land on a moment's notice.
But in many ways — the "I owe my soul to the company store" line from the song — they were still indebted to the people who owned the land and were unfree.
It began a long exodus of African Americans from the South and into large Northern cities, where they were employed at factory labor. Lest I make it sound as though race relations are entirely an issue with the South, I feel compelled to point this out.
Slavery sent hundreds of thousands of black men and women north to work on the stockyards in Chicago, the garment factories in New York City, and many other places. Harlem, for instance, was a Dutch settlement and only began to have a sizeable African American contingent after the s or so.
Racism followed them there, as well; as any native of any large Northeastern American city will tell you, none of those places are exactly "post-racial". At the same time, the ability of blacks to congregate with other blacks without a plantation owner looking over their shoulder led to new innovations in African-American culture from the syncretism between 20th century classical music and African rhythm that is jazz to the poetry of Langston Hughes.
Its failure has caused a lot of people over the years to overestimate the level of equality that African Americans have had. There is a general idea regarding history that it always moves forward, in technology but also in social issues such as tolerance and understanding.
I guess this happens to be true right now on a gestalt level — there is no question that we're nicer to minorities right now than the ancient Romans were — but it glosses over the fact that history is filled with as much in the way of setbacks as progresses.
What did they do during this time? The answer is, they fought for many of the rights which they had briefly but which were taken away from them. The right for black people to marry whites was not recognized by this nation untilfor example. It wasn't that black people cared about this and other issues and then suddenly didn't care, it's that their cause was pushed down to the point that it was arguably worse to be a black person living in the USA in than it was in I don't want to overstate how bad things were when Martin Luther King got started — he, too, stood on the shoulders of giants such as WEB Dubois and Marcus Garvey — but he was by and large attempting to imbue a society with a sense of anti-racism that its grandfathers had decided was not something worth fighting over.Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Dec 05, · Merrick Santos said.
The Reconstruction of the South following the Civil War could be argued as a success and a failure. Although Reconstruction, in the eyes of many people, was a failure, there were several good things to come out of it.
Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin President Abraham Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction—issued in , two years before the war even ended—mapped out the first of these initiatives, his Ten-Percent Plan.
"It is the central act of my administration, and the great event of the nineteenth century." Abraham Lincoln on the 13th Amendment emancipating the slaves. Although Lincoln's Plan of Reconstruction was not put into effect in the South after the Civil War, if it had been racism would have been almost completely avoided in the 20th century.
Licoln's proposed plan was called the "10% Plan." It called for 10% of the people would voted in.