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The Glossary of Education Reform gives this great overview of what high-stakes testing is and how it impacts students, teachers, and schools.
Assessment is the measurement of what students are learning. Assessments provide educators with both objective and subjective data in order to ascertain student progress and skill mastery.
Why do we do it? The information gleaned from assessments is extremely valuable. Besides a score, which gives quantitative data about how much of the material tested a students has mastered, information about student misconceptions can be determined by analyzing which distractors they chose and why.
Information from assessments helps teachers determine which instructional approaches are best for certain students, what their students may already know about a given topic, and what subjects needs to be retaught.
Districts distribute money based on needs, as determined by assessment. Policy makers use assessment results to determine the efficacy of programs. Assessment Basics Assessments can take many forms and can be designed for many reasons.
Types of Assessment Diagnostic: Given at the beginning of the school year, or the beginning of a new unit of study, a diagnostic test attempts to quantify what students already know about a topic. Given throughout the learning process, formative assessments seek to determine how students are progressing through a certain learning goal.
These tests measure student performance against a standard or specific goal. Question Types Multiple choice: These questions provide students with a stem and a set of discrete possible answers from which students must choose the correct one. The possible answers generally include one correct answer and three to four distractors, designed to mimic the common misconceptions students have about the concept being tested.
These questions require a written response. Usually they include a one-part question, and students respond by writing a paragraph or short essay, or building and solving an equation.
These questions, like the constructed response, require a written answer.
These items are given in computer delivered assessments. Technology enhanced items require students to interact with the material in various ways—through actions like dragging and dropping information, highlighting relevant text, and completing sentences or equations from items in a drop-down menu.
These items require students to use multiple stimuli to solve a problem or create something new. Performance tasks are usually scored with a rubric, which includes the criteria students must keep in mind while developing their solution.
Performance tasks in ELA may include reading multiple essays and synthesizing the ideas into their own writing. In math, these tasks may ask students to analyze charts and graphs and write out a plan for using the data in a real world application.
This category covers a wide range of tasks, from checklists to observations. Delivery Methods Pencil and paper: Examples include tests, quizzes, mind maps, and essays. Modern assessments are moving online, as can be seen with those developed for the Common Core State Standards, which are given strictly in that format.
Online tests mean each student needs access to a device on which to take the assessment. Students also need strong digital literacy skills in order to successfully navigate the demands of online testing.
These online tests adapt as the user progresses through the questions.Nov 13, · Writing an essay about the gospel stories or explaining how the lessons of the various gospels might be useful in their own lives is two examples of how authentic assessment might take place in a religion classroom in a summative fashion.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Learning is very complex and there are many theories relate to how students learn. The different theories demonstrate the different ways students learn. Kay Burke has created a practical resource for busy practitioners.
Balanced Assessment: From Formative to Summative provides a comprehensive overview of the critical role that assessments, both formative and summative, play in today s classrooms. Luxury brands are on the rise. Brands such as Gucci, Supreme, and Louis Vuitton have become status symbols, covering the fronts of shirts, marking belt buckles, spilling over handbags, and are plastered across social media and celebrities alike.
Summative Assessment What summative assessments are available? The Project’s summative assessment materials assess performance in mathematics, as described in the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics (CCSSM). What is the difference between formative and summative assessment?
Formative assessment. The goal of formative assessment is to monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedback that can be used by instructors to improve their teaching and by students to improve their learning.
More specifically, formative assessments.