Biography Early life and background Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi  was born on 2 October  into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Baniya family  in Porbandar also known as Sudamapuria coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula and then part of the small princely state of Porbandar in the Kathiawar Agency of the Indian Empire. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi —served as the diwan chief minister of Porbandar state. His first two wives died young, after each had given birth to a daughter, and his third marriage was childless. InKaramchand sought his third wife's permission to remarry; that year, he married Putlibai —who also came from Junagadh,  and was from a Pranami Vaishnava family.
His birthplace was Porbander, a small seaside town in the Kathiawar peninsula of western India. His mother was a devout and religious woman who attended temple services daily and never ate before she prayed.
At school in Porbander, Gandhiji was very shy and lacked the confidence and poise necessary to talk to strangers. But he was admirably punctual and obedient, and participated actively in school games.
In compliance with the prevailing custom of child marriage, Mohandas married at the age of thirteen. Kasturbai, his illiterate wife, was simple, persevering, bold and independent. A Student of Law in England Karamchand Gandhi died in the yearleaving little property for his family.
InMohandas completed his matriculation and left for England to study law. He lived in London, where he found the life strange and difficult to adjust to. Although he adopted English dress and took dancing and violin lessons, he was nevertheless quite unsuccessful in conforming to the British mode of life.
His friends tried to compel him to eat meat but he abstained, adhering very rigidly to a vegetarian diet. He joined vegetarian clubs and very soon became a champion of vegetarianism.
His heart ached deeply for religion. He was inspired by meetings with Madame Blavatsky and Annie Besant. He read their books on Theosophy and read the Bible. He was impressed by the similarity of the teachings of the Sermon on the Mount and the Gita.
He began reading the Gita only during his second year in London, and in it found the comfort and solace he sought. Gandhiji studied French, Latin and science. He was called to the Bar inafter which he at once sailed for India. On his return to his native land he began to study Indian Law.
At Rajkot he established a moderately successful practice. This insult changed the course of his life, inspiring him with the desire to learn something about the politics his of country. Fight Against Racial Prejudice in S.
At this time, Gandhiji accepted an offer from the Meman firm of Porbander to go to South Africa as their legal representative. He arrived in Natal in and was immediately requested to go to Pretoria where his presence was required.
He confronted difficulty when he entered a first-class compartment on a train to the Transvaal. At Pietermaritzburg he was ejected from the train with all his luggage. He now became resolved to fight colour prejudice. The ill-treatment that the Indians received at the hands of colonialists was abhorrent to Gandhiji, and he was determined to champion their cause.
This led him, into found the Natal Indian Congress. They engaged in active service and on one occasion were under attack of heavy fire. After a year or two he was again summoned to South Africa. While there, inhe founded the newspaper, Indian Opinion. Five years later, when a native rebellion broke out in Natal, Gandhiji offered a Stretcher-Bearer Corps.
It was in South Africa that Gandhiji first adopted Satyagraha, the method of non-violence, to fight the injustice to which Indians were subjected.
The entire Indian community rallied around him magnificently, for he had readily identified himself with all.Gandhi realised that it was a matter of life or death for the Indians.
A mammoth meeting was held in September to oppose the bill. People took oath in the name of God not to submit to the bill at any cost. Mohandas Gandhi was the last child of his father (Karamchand Gandhi) and his father's fourth wife (Putlibai).
During his youth, Mohandas Gandhi was shy, soft-spoken, and only a mediocre student in school. Although generally an obedient child, at one point Gandhi experimented with eating meat.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography. Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent Indian political leader who campaigned for Indian independence. – Gandhi. Gandhi said his great aim in life was to have a vision of God.
He was neither a good lawyer or a leader circumstances conspired at a time in history for him to stand out as an astute leader both in South. Early life and career. Indira Gandhi was born as Indira Nehru in a Kashmiri Pandit family on 19 November in Allahabad.
Her father, At Oxford, she did well in history, political science and economics, but her grades in Latin—a compulsory subject—remained poor.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was an Indian political and civil rights leader who played an important role in India’s struggle for independence. This essay takes you through his life history, including his philosophy of Satyagraha, non-cooperation, assassination etc.
Watch video · Indian nationalist leader Mahatma Gandhi (born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was born on October 2, , in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was then part of the British Empire. Wife and Family Mahatma Gandhi’s father, Karamchand Gandhi, served as a chief minister in Porbandar and other states in western India.