Elizabeth Smith was a member of the elite and public Quincy family while William Smith, a Harvard graduate, entered into ministry at the First Church of Weymouth. Thus the influences of her parents as well as the events and changes of the time period led her to define herself as a wife but also an intellectual equivalent to her partner and friend, she also defined herself as a mother of future leaders, and a devout patriot.
Abigail Adams was the wife of John Adams, second president of the United States, and mother of John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the nation. Like most women of her time, Abigail Adams had a relatively limited education; despite this she became one of the most influential women of her day.
These letters provide a window into her personality and beliefs and reveal a kind, spirited and politically minded women with ideas beyond her time. Throughout her narratives, she frequently spoke of her opinions on current politics. BraintreeMay 14th, Dear Sirs, I write to you today in anticipation of the Constitutional Convention of in hopes that, as you draft the new constitution for this great nation, you will include the rights of the ladies that you left at home.
But you must remember that Arbitary power is like most other things which are very hard, very liable to be broken -- and notwithstanding all your wise Laws and Maxims we have it in our power not only to free ourselves but to subdue our Masters, and without voilence throw both your natural and legal authority at our feet.
Husbands have control over the wife, the children, the property and any inherited money; married women cannot sue or be sued, they cannot draft contracts, make wills or independently buy or sell property. With the frequent or total absences of our husbands during these trying times, these restrictions impair us in the solitary running of your family and homesteads.
I do not desire the constitutional equality of women, but I do ask that you allow us to independently own businesses, to earn and keep wages that would allow us to support our family and ourselves when necessary.
Furthermore, you will recall that the plight of the ladies has deteriorated in the past few years; in we lost the right to vote in New York and in women lost the right to vote in my home state of Massachusettsthen in New Hampshire followed suit. It appears that only the ladies in New Jersey will be able to vote.
You will bear in mind that my husband, John Adams has courageously served this country, that we both love, for these many years as delegate to the Continental Congress, envoy abroad, and elected officer under the Constitution.
For the first 10 years of my married life, I was the wife of a provincial lawyer, but at the onset of our American Revolution our world changed drastically.
My husband set off from Boston to Philadelphia as a delegate to the First Continental Congress in when my youngest child was less than two years old and my oldest barely nine, leaving me with 5 children and an estate in BraintreeMassachusetts to run during his ten year absence.
His departure marked the end of my typical domestic existence; when my husband left, the management of our farm fell directly to me and I had no choice but to assume my new duties and responsibilities.
I purchased the farm stock, bred the cattle, dealt with farm tenets, hired workers and handled the distressed war refugees on our land; independently I bought valuable property, as it became available, I paid the bills and greatly increased our holdings.
I hope in time to have the Reputation of being as good a Farmeress as my partner has of being a good Statesmen. Retirement, Rural quiet, Domestick pleasure, all must give place to the weighty cares of State. Adams is a graduate of Harvard and has a career in law, I lack formal education, a plight of many of our ladies.
I am an avid reader of any books at hand, and would consider myself educated in a non-traditional sense. Adams has often counseled me via our extensive written correspondence and has instilled his values in his children through me. Although it was a busy time in Aprilonly months before our great country declared our independence, Mr.
I will tell them that I studied and laboured to procure a free Constitution of Government for them to solace themselves under, and if they do not prefer this to ample Fortune, to Ease and Elegance, they are not my Children, and I care not what becomes of them.
They shall live upon thin Diet, wear mean Cloaths, and work hard, with Chearfull Hearts and free Spirits or they may be the Children of the Earth or of no one, for me. Take Care that they dont go astray.
Cultivate their Minds, inspire their little Hearts, raise their Wishes.
Fix their Attention upon great and glorious Objects, root out every little Thing, weed out every Meanness, make them great and manly. Teach them to scorn Injustice, Ingratitude, Cowardice, and Falshood.
Let them revere nothing but Religion, Morality and Liberty. If we mean to have Heroes, Statesmen and Philosophers, we should have learned women. If much depends as is allowed upon the early Education of youth and the first principals which are instilled take the deepest root, great benefit must arise from literary accomplishments in women.
I do not ask for education for women so that they might exert power over their husbands, but instead to benefit the men of our society. I believe that the ladies of this new nation are entirely capable of these intellectual challenges and therefore deserve the opportunity to have an equal education as their husbands.
I do not support the advancement of female education so that women might pursue or assume typically male offices and positions, but only to serve as stimulation for the individual and to benefit the men in society, as educated women become better-educated wives and mothers.
At the same time I regret the trifling narrow contracted Education of the Females of my own country… you need not be told how much female Education is neglected, nor how fashonable it has been to ridicule Female learning, tho I acknowledge it my happiness to be connected with a person [John Adams] of a more generous mind and liberal Sentiments.
Add but to these natural perfections the advantages of acquired learning what polite and charming creatures would they [women] prove whilst their external Beauty does the office of a Crystal to the Lamp not shrowding but discloseing their Brighter intellects.
Nor need we fear to loose our Empire over them by thus improveing their native abilities since where there is most abilities Learning, Sence and knowledge there is always observed to be the most modesty and Rectitude of manners. In spite of the fact that we ladies have very few legal rights, I have succeeded in making the money that has allowed Mr.
Adams to be away from our home and to continue in the politics of our nation. Adams was on his first diplomatic assignment in Europe in earlyhe sent me European goods including calico dresses, ribbons, handkerchiefs and spices so that I could sell them locally and acquire sufficient revenue to continue to support our family.
After the war I have continued to run the our farm in BraintreeI am active in the buying of livestock and the repair and construction of new buildings, I have saved our family from financial ruin and made the money that allowed my husband to continue in politics.
My successful farm management is not an attempt to expand my role beyond the confines of the home nor a quest for a more powerful and independent role as a woman, but a role assumed out of social and financial obligation to my family and my husband, as well as a vital and necessary responsibility to maintain the family income.Abigail, in the Old Testament, the wife of Nabal of southern Judah, on whose death she became one of the first wives of David (1 Samuel 25) and the mother of his son Chileab.
The name Abigail was also borne by David’s sister (1 Chronicles ), who was the . caninariojana.com is home to the best syndicated columnists for advice, opinion and commentary - including Focus on the Family, Ann Coulter, Dear Abby and News of the Weird.
Boyfriend's Teen Escapade Should Be Regarded as Past by Abigail Van Buren. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Contact Dear Abby Print Article DEAR ABBY: I have been with. John Proctor, The Crucible's protagonist, has some major issues.
But we can see why. But we can see why.
Back in the day, he had everything your average Puritan man could want: a farm to ceaselessly toil upon, three sons to discipline, and a wife to make a home with. In act four, Elizabeth Proctor visits her husband in prison, and John mentions that he plans on offering a false confession to save his life.
Elizabeth responds by saying that she cannot judge him. Mar 21, · Abigail Hansen, a senior at Minnetonka High School in Minnesota who wants to become a veterinarian, said she has crossed faraway colleges like Cornell off her list, largely because of concerns about the student loan debt she would incur.
John Proctor (March 30, – August 19, Proctor is portrayed as being in his thirties and Abigail Williams is seventeen years old, while the real John Proctor and Abigail Williams were about sixty and eleven or twelve years old, respectively, at the time of the witch trials.